IS IT WORTH TO VISIT THE COLOSSEUM?
WHAT IS INSIDE THE COLOSSEUM?
The Colosseum is the most famous monument of Rome. It is like a brand of the city all over the World.
(The Flavian Amphitheatre)
What is the Colosseum?
Colosseum is the nickname given by Romans to this monument during the Middle Ages; its real name is Flavian Amphitheatre.
The Flavian Amphitheatre was built between the 72 and 80 a.C. by the emperor Vespasian and his son Titus.
It was inugurated on the 80 a. C. by the emperor Titus and it was ultimated by the emperor Domitian in the 83 a.C., when underground passagges were completed.
(Busy group tour at the Colosseum)
The Colosseum was not the first Amphitheatre built in Rome, but surely the biggest in the city.
We know that there was another Amphitheatre realized in the 29 b.C. by the consol Titus Statilius Taurus, in the fields of Mars, that unfortunatly was distroyed by the big fire of the 64 a.C. during the kingdom of the emperor Nero.
During Republic age in Rome there weren't permanent Amphitheatre; indeed in the Roman forum were built temporary wooden gradinates to watch gladiator fights, that were organized in particolar moments of the year.
During Imperial age, when there was just one person in charge, Romans started to built permanent Theatre and Amphitheatres.
(Theatre of Marcellus)
Why the Colosseum is called Colosseum?
The Colosseum is an Amphitheatre with an ellittic shape with 2 axis long 188m and 156 m.
It was built using travertine and concrete.
It was called Colosseum, because nearby the Amphitheatre there was a 35 meters Colossal Statue of the Sun God, made in golden bronze (today is lost).
(Flavian amphitheatre and the Nero Colossus)
What is inside the Colosseum?
Inside the Colosseum there is a permanent show that explain you the life inside the monument and you will have the possibility to walk inside galleries under the tribunes.
You will have also the possibility to admire the arena, with its underground passages, walking on tribunes, feeling the atmosphere of the Ancient Rome.
Try to image how many people were killed in front of the emperor and other 50 thousands people. It is impressive to think that a such big building is survived up today.
Indeed the Colosseum was the place where common people could sit in front the emperor like pair level, sharing with him their final decision about death or life of gladiators.
In this place during the morning there were hunting games with beast, midday capital executions and in the afternoon gladiator matches.
The Colosseum was also covered by a giant awining (velarium), moved by sailors from Miseno.
This awning was usefuel to cover the people inside the Amphitheatre during sunny days.
Who paid gladiator games?
Gladiator games were organized during Republic age by politicians, while during Imperial age they were organized by emperors.
It was a way to obtain the favor of citizens; Romans used this sentence "Panem et circenses" bread and entertaiment, Roman citizens obtain for free bread and entertaiment.
The entertaiment was satisfied by games in the Colosseum, chariot races in the Circus Maximus or relax in the public thermal baths.
(thermal bath during Roman age)
How long last a visit of the Colosseum?
A visit of the Colosseum last 1 hour, but admission ticket includes also other 2 important Archaeological are: Roman forum and Palatine.
Out tip is to join a guided tour to have a best experience, because with an archaeologist guide you can learn more informations about Roman ruins.
The Colosseum is the most visited monument of Italy and without a previous booking it could be complicated to purchase an admission ticket in Rome...